ON July 22, 1993, President Fidel V. Ramos issued Proclamation No. 213 designating the last week of July of each year as Diabetes Awareness Week.
Diabetes, a disease associated with high sugar levels in the body, is usually diagnosed among obese people, those with improper diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Individuals with family history of diabetes mellitus (DM), heart diseases, hypertension and high levels of uric acid and lipids are in the high-risk groups. People in highly stressed conditions are also included in risk groups.
Prevention and control of diabetes includes reduction of intake of sweets, fatty and salty foods; having a healthy diet and regular exercise regimen; maintenance of normal body weight; limited intake of alcohol, and quitting smoking (if a smoker); occasional relaxation; and avoidance of stressful situations.
Diabetes, however, is not readily diagnosed and is determined by a thorough blood examination. No cure is known and therapy would be necessary for the rest of the patient's life.